What are the corporate equity?

Company Stock: What It Is and What It Is Used For

What is corporate equity and what it is used for

Guest post by Mateo Varela

To get a benefit from capital, an entrepreneur can learn the difference mt4 vs mt5 platforms to utilise the most convenient one and trade with estimated shares in the stock market. But what is corporate equity and what it is used for?

The share capital of companies is divided into small equal portions, which are offered to people interested in acquiring them. These people, called shareholders, buy a certain amount of stock items, becoming their owners. This implies that they own a part of the business, which percentage will be lower or higher depending on the amount of stakes they have acquired.

In a few words: the shares are parts in which the firm’s share capital is divided, which the entrepreneur offers for financing and collecting liquidity, with which he can continue work on his business or undertake other projects. If the entrepreneur wishes to maintain control of his corporation, he may reserve large equity of interest and make the rest available to potential shareholders.

Stock Market Objective

The acquisition of shares gives its owners a series of political-economic rights to the company, a part of which these stock items are.

They confer economic rights because the shareholders, as owners of a part of the enterprise, have the right to participate in their annual dividends.

The political rights that shareholders acquire when buying equity of the company, under certain requirements, translate into facts such as voting and decision-making rights at meetings. In some companies, depending on the number of shares held, the shareholders even have the right to attend the General Meetings.

What is Company Stock Price?

In this regard, there is no established and fixed price, since prices are set depending on supply/demand. This means that the shareholders, in addition to the possible benefits they can receive as dividends, could also make their stock items profitable by cost-efficiently selling them in the market.

Following the same principle, the shareholders are also likely to experience losses in the event of a stock devaluation or shortage of the company. However, it is obvious that, when acquiring shares, you have the confidence that the firm will be doing well.

If the number of people interested in becoming shareholders is significant, the price of the company’s equity will be revalued. The same situation will occur in the opposite case.

It should also be noted that the price of the shares is not equal to their real value. The determining factor that establishes the values is the supply/demand situation at this point of time. Companies issue a limited number of stock items. That means that, if there are more people interested in buying, prices will increase.

Markets of Equities Purchase and Sale

Investors can carry out transactions with their interest in two types of markets:


In this market, companies generate stock items that are provided to investors, therefore, by purchasing them, they contribute to their financing. These types of shares are created alongside the constitution of the enterprise and the capital increase.


They are the stock exchanges on which investors are engaged in the purchase and sale of stakes that are already circulating. Almost all transactions take place in this market.


The sale of shares allows interested people to acquire ownership of a business. In this way, the entrepreneurs that issue stakes can be financed from the income generated by the equity sale